If you are in love with mirror work, then amreli embroidery will leave you asking for more. If you visit in amreli district, then one will find women using mirrors, shells and bright colors to create beautiful embroidered patterns. Geometric pattern and scenes from rural life and mythology are being added. This type of embroidery being seen in different regions known as Saurashtra and Kathiawar.
This embroidery is being used to create different wall hangings and household decorative items like chaklas, chandrawas , Torans etc. Toran is used as doorways decoration with little pendants which is hanging from it’s horizontal edge. These torans represent mango leaves and which is considered Auspicious. There is chakla which is square piece of fabric which is used by bride to decorate her dowry articles and decorate this Toran in new home with it. There are other garments which already using this craft like salwar suits, chaniya cholis.
The embroidery of this fabric is vibrant. The primary motive of this embroidery is to make the bridal trousseau whereas for decorating the homes – saurashtra embroidery is being used. With time, the intricate work and captivating beauty of embroidery craft has influenced from rural areas to urban markets. This provide a stable income to crafts women. These women are contributing to small scale industries growth.
Applications of mirror is the main component of kathiawar embroidery. There are different stitching techniques which is unique to feature where tiny mirrors are down with threaded patterns. Motifs are inspired from nature be it geometric or organic. There are different elements like birds, animals and human motifs in the designs in realistic and abstract form. There are few schools in saurashtra where designs are distinguished depending on artisans who makes them.
Chinai embroidery – There are communities in Chinese embroidery who are living in Surat produce work which is completely Chinese in design and their technique.
The embroidery is using fine floss silks and garments which is embroidered tightly spun 2 ply silk. Bird and flower motifs are uses as bands using white threads. They are popular among Parsi communities.
Mahajan Community – they used machine preferred made cloth as base. They make use of surface satin and chain stitches with occasional usage. There are rich red and violet threads are being used in thread work. Surface stain stitch uses to give a solid smooth finish to work.
Kanbi Embroidery – the kanbi don’t use dark background for embroidery. Color like yellow, deep orange and white base cloth are used. Thread work which are used of cotton material. They also make household decorations.
Ahir Embroidery – Ahir embroidery show influence of kanbi and Mahajan school of embroidery. The colors are used as violet, crimson and occasional golden yellow are used in important in the work.
Charan Embroidery – They draw influence from chairman community. Their interlaving stitches are popular. However figures are not yet well defined.
Rabari Embroidery: this craft style is designed by Rabari tribe for their own personal costumes. There are different shapes of mirrors are being added using button hole stitch. There are minor motif and Curtis see used as decorative back stitching.
Satwara Embroidery:- Here, women at satwara do embroidery on their personal clothes like Ghagras or head covering. The designs consists of an attractive array of motifs. Buttis are realistic and draw influences with different motifs like peacocks and nature.